How Can You Determine If There is Abuse and/or Neglect?
This bird is covered in nicotine stains and was removed, along with other birds, from a rescue. Immediate vet attention noted malnutrition, broken toes, and for this bird, nicotine exposure and withdrawal.
The following PDF is a great download of what abuse and neglect looks like. Click and open. posted the information. Please note, while this is a good reference, we are not affiliated with the Avian Welfare Coalition or any other large groups. This is for educational purposes only.